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首頁 > 高中輔導 > 高考 > 學科備考 > 英語 >

2020屆高三一輪復習英語——定語從句

2019-08-15 15:56:56 來源:啟達教育網

定語從句,是很多人英語修仙路上的一道坎。其實,只要抓住幾個關鍵點,定語從句一點也不難搞。什么是定語從句?通俗地講,定語就是形容詞(adj.),用來修飾某個東西或某個人。隨著我們英語水平提升,簡單的形容詞已經不能滿足更復雜的句式,2020高考英語一輪復習語法之定語從句定語從句單句語料你掌握了多少?啟達教育老師為你整理了2020屆高三一輪復習英語——定語從句,希望能夠對你有所幫助!

1. She and her family bicycle to work,whichhelps them keep fit.

2. By boat is the only way to get here,whichis how we arrived

3. Like anything,it is possible to have too much fat and salt, which ___ is not good for the health.

4. In their spare time,they are interested in planting vegetables in their garden,___ which __ is on the rooftop of their house.

5.Zheng He had over 300 ships, some of which were over 150 meters long and could carry up to 1,000 people. 鄭和有300多艘船,其中一些150多米長,能載多達1,000人。

6. Around me in the picture are the thingsthat/whichwere very important in my life at that time:car magazines and musical instruments.

7. Sarah,__ who _has taken part in shows along with top models,wants to prove that she has brains as well as beauty.

8. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, __ who _ lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,influenced the development of chopsticks.

9.All this means that companies will require people who are flexible and can work on their own.

所有這些都意味著公司需要的將是富有靈活性和能夠獨立工作的員工。

10. Many young people, most ofwhomwere well-educated, headed for remote regions to chase their dreams.

11.The study suggests that the cultures we grow up in influence the basic processes bywhichwe see the world around us.

解析:which句意:研究表明我們成長的文化影響我們看周圍世界的基本過程。這是一個定語從句,先行詞為指物的the basic processes,所以介詞by后面用which。

12.Some experts think reading is the fundamental skill upon __which__ school education depends.

解析:本句為定語從句。引導詞在定語從句中位于介詞upon的后面作賓語,故用關系代詞且指代先行詞the fundamental skill,因此用which。

13.Self-driving is an area ____where______China and the rest of the world are on the same starting line.

14.The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere ___where_____ his employees enjoy their work.

【答案與解析】 where句意:這家公司的老板正試圖創造一個員工都喜歡工作的輕松環境。先行詞為抽象地點名詞,定語從句中缺少地點狀語,故用where引導。

http://15.In1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme,one of ___ whose _____ purposes is to relieve world­wide starvation.

解析:whose考查定語從句。句意:1963年,聯合國建立世界糧食計劃署,它的目的之一就是緩解全球饑餓。根據先行詞“the World Food Programme”和“purpose”間的所屬關系,故用whose。

16.The books on the desk,__whose__covers are shiny,are prizes for us.

解析:此句是非限制性定語從句,先行詞為the books,________和covers之間存在所有關系,意為“書的封面”。句意:桌上的書是給我們的獎勵,那些書的封面閃閃發光。根據語境填whose。

句子主干:The books on the desk are prizes for us

17. Eric set sail once again, this time with 25 ships,of whichonly 14 made it to Greenland.

埃里克再次起航,這次帶著25艘船,其中只有14艘船成功到達格陵蘭。

18.He wrote many children's books,nearly half of __which__ were published in the 1990s.

解析:此句為非限制性定語從句,先行詞是children's books,定語從句中of缺少賓語,故填which。句意:他寫了許多兒童書籍,差不多一半左右是在20世紀90年代出版的。

19. We will put off the picnic in the park until next week,___ when _____ the weather may be better.

【答案與解析】 when句意:我們將把在公園里進行野餐推遲到下周,那時天氣可能更好?蘸笫欠窍拗菩远ㄕZ從句,從句中缺少時間狀語,先行詞是表示時間的名詞next week,故用when引導。

20. The number of smokers, ___ as ___is reported,has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.

【答案與解析】 as句意:據報道,僅一年的時間,吸煙人的數量就下降了百分之十七。此處由as引導非限制性定語從句,表示“正如……”。as is reported既可以位于句首,也可以位于句中。

21. I am looking forward to the day __ when _ my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her.

【答案與解析】 when句意:我一直都在期待我的女兒能夠讀懂這本書并了解我對她的感情的那一天。要填的詞引導一個定語從句,先行詞是表示時間的the day;從句缺少時間狀語,故填when。

22. Students should involve themselves in community activities___ where _____ they can gain experience for growth.

【答案與解析】 where句意:應該讓學生參與社團活動,在活動中他們能夠獲得成長所需要的經驗。分析句子結構可知,從空格處一直到句尾為定語從句,修飾先行詞activities,并且先行詞在定語從句中作地點狀語,故填關系副詞where。

23.I am not the same kind of personasyou are.我可不是和你一類的人。(as在從句中作表語)

24.You may take the same busaswe take.你可乘坐我們坐的同一輛大巴。(as在從句中作賓語)

25.Asyou know, we need to hurry up.大家知道,我們需要加快速度。

26. I don’t know the reasonwhy/for whichhe didn’t come to school yesterday.

27.Asit turned out ,I loved every minute of the class.

As引導的非限制性定語從句位置即可以位于句首,也可以位于句中或者句末。

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